Formulation Guidelines for Lotions and Creams – Saffire Blue Inc.
Formulation Tools & Guidelines Butters Lip Balm & Gloss Lotions & Creams Skin Care & Shaving

Formulation Guidelines for Lotions and Creams

Keep our basic guide for lotions and creams handy when formulating your next creation!

lotionsandcreams2Facial Lotion Formula

Distilled Water or Hydrosol – 80{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Humectant – 4{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Liquid Oil – 10{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Thickener – 2{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Emulsifier – 4{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}

Hand Cream Formula

Distilled Water or Hydrosol – 70{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Humectant – 2{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Liquid Oil – 15{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Solid Oil / Butter – 5{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Thickener – 2{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Emulsifier – 6{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}

Body Butter Formula

Distilled Water or Hydrosol – 60{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Humectant – 3{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Liquid Oil – 12{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Solid Oil / Butter – 15{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Thickener – 3{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Emulsifier – 7{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}

Barrier Cream Formula

Distilled Water or Hydrosol – 60{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Humectant – 3{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Liquid Oil – 15{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Solid Oil / Butter – 5{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Wax – 5{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Thickener – 3{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Emulsifier – 7{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}

Basic water-in-oil lotion and cream instructions (for formulas above):

  1. Weigh distilled water and humectant in a heat-proof glass or stainless steel container.
  2. Weigh oil, butter, wax, emulsi­fier, thickener in a heat-proof glass or stainless steel container with a mouth large enough to accommodate a stick blender or mixer.
  3. Set both containers into baths of hot water and heat each to 70° C.  (Cool or uneven temperatures may cause your emulsion* to separate or become gritty.)
  4. Pour water phase into oil phase and blend with a hand blender or beater for at least 3 minutes.
  5. Allow your emulsion to cool to 40-50° C before adding additives, essential oils, botanical extracts and/or preser­vatives**.
  6. Blend additional 3 minutes to incorporate additional ingredients.
  7. Pour completed recipe into clean, sterilized contai­ner and allow to cool fully before capping.

Balm Formula

Liquid Oil – 80{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Wax – 20{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}

Whipped Butter Formula

Liquid Oil – 20{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Solid Oil / Butter – 80{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}

Solid Lotion Bar Formula

Liquid Oil – 40{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Solid Oil / Butter – 35{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}
Wax – 25{2f217b6ef4e944ec449aa2c625e1f0e1f43c0ee840d0a16b8bf46c3ef1173473}

Basic oil/wax based balm and butter instructions:

Melt butters, oils and waxes in a glass or stainless steel bowl until they are completely liquified.

For balms, pour directly into sanitized containers.

For whipped butters, use a hand mixer to create a fluffy texture.  Scoop into containers.

For solid lotion bars, pour into a mold and allow to set fully before removing from mold and wrapping.

 

* For more information on emulsions, please see our previous blog article: Emulsions: What the heck are they?

** Please note: Preservatives are HIGHLY recommended, especially in water-based formulas. Please be sure to consult the usage rates for your chosen preservative when adjusting your formula.


DISCLAIMER: Saffire Blue Inc. is not responsible for the performance or accuracy of any of the recipes provided on our website. Testing is your responsibility. Photo may not be indicative of the actual finished product. If you plan to sell products made from any recipes we provide, it is your responsibility to adhere to all government regulations. If ingredients listed in a recipe are not sold by Saffire Blue Inc., we cannot offer suggestions of where to purchase those ingredients.

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